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The application of the Racial Equality Directive of the EU

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The application of the Racial Equality Directive of the EU – focus on Bulgaria Dr. Niraj Nathwani, European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA) The European Union Agency for Fundamnetal Rights ? to provide assistance and expertise on fundamental rights issues to the European Union institutions and the Member States, when they implement Community law ? to promote dialogue with civil society, in order to raise public awareness of fundamental rights and actively disseminate information about its work (Council Regulation (EC) 168/2007 of 15 /02/2007) 2 Projects on Impact of the Racial Equality Directive ? EUMIDIS: large scale survey ? The impact of the Racial Equality Directive: views of trade unions and employers in the European Union ? The application of the Racial Equaltiy Directive: legal comparative report based on FRALEX material 3 Topics ? Experiences of Discrimination ? Awareness in the population with a special focus on potential victims of discrimination ? the Bulgarian Application of the Racial Equality Directive 4 EUMIDIS ? EUMIDIS stands for EU Minorities and Discrimination Survey ? Eurobarometer surveys cover the whole population, but EUMIDIS focuses on ethnic and national minorities. ? 23500 face-to-face Interviews in all 27 Member States ? Per State two minority groups were selected with the help of RAXEN: for statistical reasons minimum 5% of the total population (Samples of around 500 individuals); ? in Bulgaria EUMIDIS surveyed persons of Roma and Turkish background 5 EUMIDIS (2) ? Questions about discrimination concerned 9 areas of life: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. when looking for work; at work; when looking for a house or an apartment to rent or buy; by healthcare personnel; by social service personnel; by school personnel; at a café, restaurant or bar when entering or in a shop when trying to open a bank account or get a loan 6 64 63 62 59 55 54 52 47 46 44 42 41 39 37 34 33 30 30 30 29 29 29 28 27 26 26 26 26 26 25 25 25 21 20 17 16 % of respondents who have been discriminated against in the past 12 months in any of the 9 domains surveyed Roma (26%) Turkish (8%) 12 11 10 10 9 8 5 4 3 7 CZ-Roma MT-African HU-Roma PL-Roma EL-Roma IE-Sub-Saharan African IT-North African FI-Somali DK-Somali PT-Brazilian DK-Turkish SK-Roma ES-North African IT-Albanian BE-North African SE-Somali DE-Turkish NL-North African NL-Turkish NL-Surinamese PT-Sub-Saharan African IT-Romanian ES-South American FI-Russian ES-Romanian CY-Asia


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