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名词性从句中that不宜省略的几种情况

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名词性从句中 that 不宜省略的几种情况
宾语从句或表语从句中 that 有时可以省略,但在以下情况时,that 不宜省略。
一、当动词后带有两个并列的宾语从句时,引入第二个从句的连词 that 不可省略。例 如:
The teacher told the students (that) they should hand in their homework the next day and that the homework must be signed names by their parents. 老师告诉学生他们要在第 二天交上作业,并且作业必须由家长签名。
二、当 that 前面有插入语时,that 不宜省略。例如:
Little Alice didn't know, I'm sure, that her sister was going to America. 我确信,小艾 丽斯不知道她的姐姐很快就要去美国了。
三、省略答语中,that 宾语从句单独出现时,that 不可省略。例如:
—What did he say? 他说了什么
—That he would visit the Great Wall. (他说)他将会参观长城。
四、当主句的状语部分位于 that 宾语从句之前时,that 不宜省略。例如:
Jane realized at once that she must do with it herself. 珍立刻意识到她必须亲自处理 那件事。(如省略 that,at once 也可能修饰从句,是表示“立刻意识到……”,还是表示“立刻 去处理……”,较为含糊)
五、 当 that 宾语从句中的状语部分位于从句的前部时,that 不宜省略。例如:
Tom promised that if he could earn as much as 500 dollars in this month, he would buy a computer for his brother. 汤姆许下诺言,如果他在这个月里能够赚到 500 美元,他 就给他的弟弟买台电脑。
六、当 that 宾语从句是双宾语中的直接宾语时,that 一般不宜省略。例如:
I will never tell anyone that you have ever been there. 我绝对不会告诉别人你曾经去 过那儿。
七、当为了强调而把 that 引导的主语从句位于句首时,that 不可省略。例如:
That they would take the risk was very clear. 他们将要冒这个险是很清楚的了。
八、当主句中的谓语动词是固定词组时,其宾语 that 从句中的 that 不宜省略。例如:

Mary has made up her mind that she will study hard for the scholarship, so she can have the chance to go abroad for further study. 玛丽下定决心努力学*以获得奖学金资 格,这样她就有机会出国深造了。
九、当 that 宾语从句前有 it 作其形式宾语时,that 不可省略。例如:
We think it important that college students should master at least one foreign language.我们认为大学生至少掌握一门外语是很重要的。
十、当引导同位语从句时,that 一般不可省略,尤其当 that 与先行词处于分割情况时。 例如:
He heard the news that his team had won. 他听到了他的队获胜的消息。
The police report that the drugs had been found appeared in the press yesterday. 毒 品已经被发现这一警察报告昨天见报了。
There is a feeling in me that they are cheating me. 我有一种感觉他们在骗我。
十一、当 that 宾语从句的主语是非谓语动词或是主语从句时,that 不可省略。例如:
The doctor said that taking exercise was the best way of losing weight. 医生说运动是 最好的减肥方式。
The old lady then explained that what she was looking for was a pair of gloves for a girl. 老太太然后说她寻找的是一双女孩子戴的手套。
注意:当名词性从句已有疑问词引导时,不可再加 that。例如:
I don't understand that what you said just now. (×)
I don't understand what you said just now. (√)



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